Meaning of Nirjharer Swapna Bhanga by Rabindranath Tagore

Aji e probhate robir kor
Kemone poshilo praner por
Kemone poshilo guhar andhhare probhat pakhir gaan
Na jani kemone eto din pore
Jagiya utthilo pran
Jagiya uthhilo pran
Orey uthhori uthhichhe bari
Orey praner bedona praner aghat rudhhiya rakhite nari
Thoro thoro kori kanpichhe bhudhor
Shila rashi rashi porichhe khoshe
Phuliya phuliya phenilo sholil goroji uthhichhe darun roshe
Hethhay hothhay pagoler pray ghuriya ghuriya matiya beray
Bahirite chay
Dekhite na pay
Kothay karar dwar.
Keno re bidhhata pashan heno
Charidike tor bandhon keno
Bhang re hridoy bhang re bandhon
Sadhh re ajike praner sadhon
Lohorir por lohori tuliya aghater por aghat kor
Matiya jokhon uthhichhe poran
Kiser aghat kiser pashan
Uthhori jokhon uthhichhe bashobna jogote tokhon kiser dor?
Ami dhalibo korunadhara
Ami bhangibo pashan kara
Ami jogot plabiya berabo gahiya akul pagol para
Kesh elayiya phul kuraiya ramdhanu makha pakha uraiya
Robir kirone hasi chhorayiya dibo re poran dhali
Shikhor hoite shikhore chhutibo
Bhudhhar hoite bhudhhare lutibo
Heshe kholo khol geye kolokol
Taley taley debo tali
Eto asha ache eto gaan ache eto pran ache mor
Eto such ache eto sadh ache pran hoye ache bhor
Ki jani ki holo aji jagiya uthhilo pran
Dur hotey shuni jeno oi mahasagorer gaan
Orey charidike mor e ki karagaar ghor
Bhang bhang bhang kara
Aghate aghat kor
Orey aaj ki gaan geyechhe pakhi
Esechhe robir kor…

This poem, Nirjhharer Swapna Bhanga is an immortal creation of Rabindranath Tagore. Here he relates the flow of the stream or a fountain to the flow of the vitalities of life. Written around the great partition of Bengal movement, this poem clearly brings out the superseded spirit of the men for the Indian independence and thus there is clear connection between the stream of the river and the life of the human beings.

This poem is related to the Indian search of independence. The life of men is chained. They are choked under the yoke of the imperialism. They want enfranchisement and thus they resort to the revolutions. They get the call from the innate self. The call makes them take a great rise on their spirits. After the upheaval of the spirits the people urge to break free through the jails that are around them.

This poem is written in regular meter. The lines are rhymed in couplets. There is a breach in this regularity in the middle and there the rhyme is between the first and the third lines. The break of the rhythm can be related to the varied movements of the stream. There are many figures of speech vividly used and that creates mesmerizing imagery to the readers. The poem has clear uses of the personifications, the metaphor and the simili. This poem is a great example of a lyrical ballad as well which has a song like motive and a great tale to tell behind it.

"aji e probhate robir kor
kemone poshilo praner por
The poet is here imagining himself as a stream of water or a fountain. He says that he does not know how the rays of the sun have entered in him. This implies that the stream of the water is in the final gush and is ready to flow away.

"kemone poshilo guhar andhare
probhat pakhir gaan
He says that he does not know how the songs of the morning bird have entered in the dark taverns of the cave.

"na jani kemone etodin pore
jagiya uthhilo prna
He does not know that how the life is rejuvenated to this extent after so many days.

"jagiya uthhechhe pran orey uthhori uthhichhe bari. Orey praner bedona praner aghat rudhhiya rkhite nari"
The life is in the swell. The water is too in the swell of life. Thus he cannot control the emotions and the feelings that reside in the heart.

"thhoro thhoro kori kanpichhe bhudhor. Shila rashirashi porichhe khoshe"
The earth is trembling in a regular rhythm and big boulders are reaping off.

"phuliya phuliya phenil sholil goroji uthhichhe .darun roshe"
The waters of the stream are exalting the heights and are swivelling up in great commotion.

"hetthay hothhay pagoler pray ghuriya ghuriya matiya beray"
The waters are traversing here and there and they are twisting like anything.

"bahirite chay fekhite na pay kthay karar dwar"
The waters are wishing to get out of the jail but are unable to find the way that leads out of the same.

"keno re bidhhata pashan heno charidike tor .bandhon keno?"
He asks the lord, as if that why is the divine so full of curtness? Why there are the chains at all the sides of the same?

"bhang re hridoy bhang re bandhon"
He urges the heart to break open the chains in rebellion.

"sadhh re ajike praner sadhon"
He says that the life wants to take upon the work that the heart desires to.

"lohorir pore lohori tuliya aghater pore aghat kor"
He asks the lord to let up the eddy so that the waves can bring the whips on the gates of the jail to break free of it.

"matiya jokhon uthhiche poran"

When the life is in the swell…
"kiser aghat kiser pashan?"

Why take care of the struggles and the barriers infront?
"uthholi jokhon uthhinchhe bashona jogote tokhon kiser dor ?"
When the desires are pouring out then there is no need to fear for anything in this world.

"ami dhhalibo karuna dhara. Ami bhangibo pashan kara"
He says that the stream, which is personified all throughout the poem, shall break the barriers of the rocks and thus flow down the beck of love.

"ami jogot plabiya berabo gahiya akyl pagol para"
He wishes to flow through the world by singing a song that shall mesmerize everyone who hears the same.

"kesh elayiya phul kuraiya"
He shall spread the hair and pluck the flowers…

"ramdhanu anka pakhauraiya"
He shall fly the rainbow colored wings…

"robir kirone hasi chhoraiya dibo re poran hali"
He shall donate the life for all in the mirth and revelry.

"phashan hoiye pashane lutibo"
He shall run through the hills and play in the valleys..

"heshe kholo khol geye kolokol taleybtaley dibo.tali"
He shall laugh and dance with the rhythm of the life.

"eto katha ktha ache eto sur ache eto sadh ache mor. Eyo sukh achwle pran hye ache ghor"
There are so many words to be said, there are so much music to be heard and there are so much of life to be enjoyed. The whole fot he world filled with this unsaid things.

"ki jani ki hlo aji jagiya uthhilo pran"
He does not know what has chances as the life has risen all of a sudden.

"dur hotey shuni jeno oi mhasagorer gaan"
He hears the song of the ocean in his heart.
"orey chharidije mor ek e karaghar ghor. Bhang kara"

He urges all to break the jail
"aghate aghat.kor"
He says to beat on and on to accomplish the task as the bird has sung a new song and the rays of the sun are so new today.

The lives of men are compared to the movement of the stream. The cataracts and the fountains are stuck in the glaciers on the high mountains. The sun gives a call that is the rays of the sun fall on the rock. The snow melts and thus the stream starts. It has to break free from the ice. This struggle is echoed in the lives of the men of the imperial India. Men want to break open the fangs of imperialism but they cannot get away from it so easily. The call of the enfranchisement comes from outside and upheavals the spirit. Thus they go for the revolutions. This poem is written as if everyone can enjoy the meaning yet there is a deep rooted allegory in it.

Importance of the poem
Written in his early adulthood this poem bears the clear idea of the nationalism behind it. The depiction of the urge to freedom is clear. This poem echoes the time of the epoch. A reading through it instils the joy of the youth and the spirit of a waterfall to get through the jail of the snow and do good to the society.